Mission India: Cleaner, smarter, better!
The Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) stands firm with the aim to make cities more livable and inclusive along with economic growth. The Cabinet has approved of the Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation of 500 cities (AMRUT) with outlays of Rs.48,000 crore and Rs viagra canada qu.50,000 crore respectively.
AMRUT would initially include the major components of the JNNURM program but it would also contain a few inclusions suggested by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. Building roads and flyovers, augmentation of water supply, collection and treatment of sewage and garbage would be included from the initial program. Wi-fi zones in the cities and digitization are some of the new aspects that form the backbone of AMRUT. Much importance would be laid upon monitoring the scheme and tendering projects only if the preparatory work is complete.
A smart city is ideally equipped with the basic infrastructure to give a decent quality of life with an environment that is clean and sustainable. Its basic infrastructure would consist of assured water and electricity reply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, robust IT connectivity, e-governance and citizen participation, safety and security of citizens.
Some smart solutions to achieve this goal are public information, smart meters and management, grievance redressal, monitoring water quality, electronic service delivery, citizens’ engagement, waste to energy compost, renewable source of energy, 100% treatment of waste water, efficient energy and green building, smart parking, intelligent traffic management system.
There is a palpable link between the two missions. AMRUT has a project based approach to ensure basic infrastructure services relating to sewerage, septage management, water supply, transport, storm water drains, and development of green spaces for children. Implementation of AMRUT would be further connected to the promotion of urban reforms such as constitution of professional municipal cadre, e-governance, credit rating of urban local bodies, review of building by-laws, devolving funds and functions to urban local bodies, improvement in assessment and collection of municipal taxes, energy and water audit and citizen-centric urban planning.
The design of the Smart Cities Mission and AMRUT is led by the twin motives of both meeting the challenges of growing urbanization in the country in a sustainable manner and ensuring that the benefits of urban development reach even to the poorest of people through increased access to urban land and improved employment opportunities.
SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or the Clean India Mission was launched at the national level by the Government of India to clean the streets and the infrastructure of 4041 statutory towns. It was officially announced by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014 and it is being considered to be the biggest cleanliness drives ever attempted in our country. The main components of the mission are:
a) Construction of individual sanitary toilets for houses that are below the poverty line with a subsidy where required.
b) Modern and scientific municipal solid waste management
c) Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
d) To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices
e) Elimination of open defecation
f) Eradication of manual scavenging
ROLE OF K-HUB
K-Hub is acting as a platform in helping disseminate knowledge that would be useful inputs for the implementation of these programs. It would also put forward the various regional perspectives besides helping in knowledge dissemination.
Thus the K-Hub aims at engaging with the entire gamut of stakeholders – decision makers, Government officials, academia, experts, the private sector, NGOs etc. to make our urban areas more inclusive, livable and ‘smart’. These programs are indeed appreciable because of their collective ability to capture most of the elements of the urban ecosystem. Moving forward, their success will be ensured by how seamlessly and collaboratively these programs are delivered. We, as K-Hub, are striving to facilitate this collective effort and are acting as a bridge between policy and practice.