Demographic, Economic and Social Structures of different sizes of urban settlements in India

The project is to analyse the demographic, economic and social structures; and the status of housing and basic infrastructure, of the different sizes of urban settlements in India. Though such a study was very much needed for policy formulation, such an integrated analysis has never been attempted before.

The objective of the project is to come up with a full picture of the size class differentials with respect to demography, economy, employment, structural transformation, poverty, inequality, housing, basic infrastructure, social indicators, etc.; which would clearly bring out the facets of the inequities across size classes of cities and towns in India. This would help in the process of informed decision making at the GoI and state levels, and would certainly help formulate a stratified urban policy (and, manufacturing policy aligned to exploit the positive externalities of the agglomeration economies), that would successfully meet the different needs of different classes of cities, for the next phase of JNNURM  (and, urban development and housing policies to be formulated in future).

The project seeks to link up the policy and programme framework of the GoI with the findings of the study, especially those which relate to the HUDCO priorities of housing and basic infrastructure. It looks at the housing and basic infrastructure deficit on the other hand; and the economic potential on the other to try and determine which are the cities and towns that should be high priority for HUDCO investments; and which would be high priority for the central and state governments.